Growing marijuana is no longer some secret thing that only the real weed growers kept to themselves. Recently, this practice has become more step-by-step and easy to do for the beginner grower. While it may be difficult to find marijuana seeds in some parts of the world, there is no shortage of information online about where to find them. Although it may not be legal in your country or state, there is plenty of online information available for how to start growing your own marijuana.
The process of growing a small weed plant is easy when you know what to do. Many people might already imagine the process seems overwhelming, but this step-by-step guide can help those that need it. Everyone grows differently, so this article will cover every single detail for how to grow a small weed plant in your home.
Location, location, location!
Cannabis plants can be grown both indoors and outdoors. The right amount of water and heat is needed for an indoor grow, while outdoor conditions, including adequate sunlight, rainwater, and a suitable climate are necessary for outdoor grows.
Outdoor marijuana plants generally grow best when planted in a sunny, open area. Choose a growing location that receives at least eight hours of sunlight each day, and (if possible) where grass won’t come between the roots and the earth. If you live in a cold climate, you may need to start your plants indoors or warm up your soil with coverings such as plastic or mulch.
It’s a choice every marijuana grower has to make. Should you grow in an indoor or outdoor setting? The answer depends on the overall size of your growing operation, and how much space you have available.
How to choose the right grow lights?
If you are growing indoors, there are several considerations to take into account. Small space gardeners will be thankful to know that a single plant doesn’t require much light. In fact, in many cases, a simple windowsill can provide enough light for the plant to thrive. You might need some additional lighting if you have an exceptionally large container or if you’re growing during the night time.
However, you need to think about growing light if you want to grow your plant in an unobtrusive place, away from natural light. In this scenario, how a small weed plant is grown is quickly how to pick the best possible light.
LEDs are suitable for a single plant. LEDs are a common option for the cultivation of marijuana and are ideal in the development of reliable marijuana buds on one plant. They are often optimized so as to prevent the light from getting too far from your plants, which could result in a condition known as light burn. The bulbs are cheap and easy to use. They don’t need a lot of energy and the typical observer would never believe that you cultivate marijuana just when the light from home shines.
You must ensure that your plants receive at least 18 hrs of sunlight in their vegetative stage of growth when you opt for natural sunlight and do not use auto-flowers. This can not be done without additional lighting unfortunately unless you expand during the correct season and in the right region. In other words, investing in a gloomy, or “short” day LED lamp is a smart idea, even as you grow outdoors.
There are of course other options for cannabis lighting, but they are much more than required for one single plant. But exploring the choices to make an educated choice based on your needs is always a good idea.
What growing medium should you use?
The first thing you should consider when you think about how to grow a small weed crop is how you grow the plant. Your plant will need a medium which supplies the necessary nutrients to produce perfect buds. And, as well as growing lights, several choices for growing mediums are available. Each medium has its own set of specifications, such as the number of times you need water, but at the end of the day every choice is able to grow cannabis plants with a high yield.
The medium of soil is the most commonly cultivated (and the simplest to use). Ideally, you should select organic soil rich in nutrients for the cultivation of cannabis, which is well-composted. You will want to ensure that the soil contains perlite, so that it drains well, if you do not start with soils that have been optimized for the cannabis cultivation.
You can also go softer and buy vermiculite, coconut or any mixture of soil. While they may be more costly than soil, they have some benefits, such as a reduced chance to deal with diseases and pests of soil. One downside, however, is that it doesn’t produce nutrients on your plant and so you will have to calculate the correct nutrients accordingly.
Hydroponics may also be used as an alternative. This method directly cultivates cannabis plants in water. With this approach, you can generate high yields, but there is a steep learning curve and for a single plant it is a bit costly (time and money).
How to select the correct nutrients?
A cannabis plant is easy to grow, but nutrients can boost the final outcomes. You want to use particular nutrients with marijuana, which help your plant grow during its various stages. The basic medium you chose to use should be formulated with these nutrients. In hydroponic systems certain nutrients function only, while others are soil-free.
The pH of your water must also be taken into account. If the pH is wrong, it is difficult to obtain the nutrients. The pH of the medium you select should be satisfactory.
What strain is best for mini cannabis grows?
It’s time to use what you have read about indica, sativas, hybrids and cannabis plants that bloom automatically. You’re going to have to decide what you want to develop. Do you want, for example, marijuana plants that offer a strong physical impact, or would you want a high degree of relaxation? Would you prefer plants that have a shorter cultivation time or that take longer to maturity? Want smaller plants or are you just interested in big crops?
These questions help you minimize your choices and give you a better picture of which endeavor to pick. You can either begin with seeds or small starting plants to obtain the actual plants. You may also buy starting plants from a dispensary or breeder in close proximity. If you know a grower who has the plant form you want, you can check if he/she can get clones.
How to germinate your cannabis plant?
Germination is the beginning of a seed plant’s growth. Germination is also known as “popping,” the first step to start your cannabis garden. The consistency of cannabis seeds can be obtained from a variety of sources. See our Guide on the purchasing of cannabis seeds for more information.
You want to ensure the seeds mature and appear dark-brown with lighter accents and rough feeling when acquiring them. You do not want a seed which looks new and green, which shows that it is not fully mature.
Take and soak four sheets of paper towels in distilled water. The sheets should be wet, but the excess water should not run out.
Take two towels of paper and placed them on a tray. Subsequently, put cannabis seeds at least one inch apart and cover them with the other two sheets of paper towels soaked in water.
Take another plates and turn them over to cover the seeds to create a dark covered area (like a dome).
Make sure the temperature is between 70 and 90°F wet. It is time to wait after these steps are done. The towels can be tested to ensure they are still saturated and you can add more water to keep seeds content when they seem to be losing their moisture.
Some seeds sprout very quickly, while others can take a few days. You realize that when the seed splits and a single sprout emerges, a seed has germinated.
This is the taproot, the plant’s main trunk, and is an indicator for good germination. This region must be kept sterile so don’t touch the seed or taproot when the seed starts splitting.
How to control vegetative stage?
When you grow a couple of leaves, your marijuana plants formally reach the vegetative process. Cannabis plants are particularly engineered to grow bigger and stronger in preparation for the next stage of flowering.
Marijuana plants need plenty of light during the vegetative process. During this process you must give them approximately 18 hours of light. Also, ensure that your temperature is a little higher than the room temperature (or wherever you cultivate your plants). This means 68°F to 86°F.
Owing to the lighting and high temperatures, you need a lot of water for your cannabis plants, so you monitor the humidity and adapt accordingly. You don’t really want to make your plants overly thirsty.
How well your plants grow in this process will influence their yield directly. The effect is less and fewer buds in smaller plants. However, bigger plants are larger and can support more dense and abundant buds.
How to manage the flowering stage?
You reach the flowering stage when flowers begin to develop. These tiny blossoms finally produce buds that you can eat in the end. This critical phase of cannabis life lasts until mature buds are harvested. Here’s how this stage is going to happen:
Your plants are going to grow big and bushy. You will want to “train” them by bending the leaves so that a flat canopy is on it. This enables light to achieve the optimum efficiency in all areas of the plant. This is an advanced technique, so before you try it, you would like to study it first.
You’re going to have to check that you haven’t purchased feminized seeds, or that you are uncertain about your plant’s sex. How do you know? How do you know? Simple. Only look at the crossroads and see if you see wispy white strings coming from the buds. This plant is feminine if these wisps are present. If they don’t exist, a pollen sac grows and the plant is male. No strong marijuana is created by males.
You will need to change the light schedule depending on what you are rising. The amount of darkness your plant gets to 12 hours a day would be increased. Every day 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. This is a basic prerequisite for typical cannabis seeds (which are also known as photoperiod cannabis). Auto-flowering cannabis does not rely on a shift in regular flowering time, so that for certain seeds it is not important to do so.
You have to change the temperature for all varieties of weed. The flowering phase needs cooler, so hold it between 64°F and 78°F. You want to give them some extra water to flush the nutrients out of the plant system if you use any nutrients. This helps with the flavor, scent and strength of cannabis when it’s time.
The key thing about this stage to remember is to see your plants. In flowering stages, cannabis plants are very sensitive to their growing conditions. Look for signs like brown tips for a problem. This could lead to a watering, lighting or nutritional problem.
When to harvest your mini pot plant?
You will know that the buds matured by the pistils’ colour. Wispy white hairs from the buds are expected to develop. These wisps can gradually change colors until at the point of maturity they become amber.
When approximately 40% of pistils were already ripened, they are darkened. If you’d like buds with a high THC content, wait until 50-70% of those hairs have darkened. Wait until more than 80% of the hair is dark prior to harvest, if you want buds that will make you relaxed. A substantial part of THC in buds would have at present converted to CBN (the cannabinoid that relaxes the body and mind).
How are you gathering the buds? Easy, just take some scissors and cut off the bud from the branches to which they are attached. First, hang them for 4-5 days to dry and often make a final near cut of small leaves or stems. Then place your harvested buds in a jar or other screened container and give them fresh air every couple of days for 2 weeks (release air and re-seal) to make your buds smoke good. You have cultivated a single mini cannabis plant already, with plenty of cannabis to appreciate!